L. Ron Hubbard full name is Lafayette Ronald Hubbard, was an American author and founder of the Church of Scientology. He led a fascinating life that encompassed writing, filmmaking, and religious activities.
Early Life of L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard was born on March 13, 1911, in Tilden, Nebraska, USA. His parents were Harry Ross Hubbard and Ledora May Waterbury. His family moved frequently during his childhood, as his father worked as a naval officer and later as a civil engineer. Hubbard spent much of his early life in Helena, Montana, where he attended high school.
Hubbard showed an early interest in writing and literature, publishing his first story at the age of 16 in a pulp magazine. He also developed an interest in science fiction and became a prolific writer in this genre. In 1930, he enrolled at George Washington University to study civil engineering but dropped out after two years.
During the 1930s, Hubbard traveled extensively, visiting China, Japan, and the Philippines, among other countries. He claimed to have studied with various mystics and spiritual leaders during this time, including Aleister Crowley, the infamous British occultist. Hubbard also joined the Explorers Club and explored many remote and dangerous locations, such as the Caribbean, Alaska, and the South Pacific.
L. Ron Hubbard’s early life was marked by an interest in writing and literature, a passion for exploration, and a fascination with mysticism and spirituality. These interests would later influence his development of Dianetics and Scientology, two controversial movements that continue to attract both supporters and detractors.
L.Ron Hubbard’s personal life and relationships
He married his first wife, Margaret Grubb (aka Polly), in 1933, but the marriage ended in 1947 after she accused him of bigamy. During their marriage, Hubbard had affairs with other women, including Sara Northrup Hollister, who would become his second wife.
Hubbard’s relationship with Hollister was also complicated. They married in 1946, but their marriage was marked by infidelity, verbal abuse, and physical violence. In 1951, Hollister filed for divorce and alleged that Hubbard had kidnapped their daughter and subjected her to psychological torture. The case was settled out of court, and Hollister signed a statement retracting her allegations.
In 1952, Hubbard married Mary Sue Whipp, who became his third wife and the mother of some of his children. However, Hubbard continued to have extramarital affairs, and in 1966, he acquired a mistress, Patrician Brink, whom he called his “Communicator.” Brink remained close to Hubbard until his death in 1986.
Hubbard also had a complicated relationship with his children. His son Quentin committed suicide in 1976, and his daughter Suzette accused him of physical abuse and neglect in a 1984 interview with Penthouse magazine. Hubbard’s other children, Arthur, Diana, and Ronald, were involved in Scientology and held high-level positions in the organization until they were expelled in the 1980s.
Overall, L. Ron Hubbard’s personal life was marked by numerous relationships, infidelities, and allegations of abuse. His legacy as the founder of Scientology remains controversial, with critics accusing the organization of being a cult that exploits its members and engages in abusive practices.
L.Ron Hubbard’s teachings and philosophies
Hubbard’s teachings and philosophies are rooted in his belief that human beings are spiritual beings rather than mere physical bodies.
At the heart of Hubbard’s teachings is the concept of thetan, which he described as the individual spirit or soul. According to Hubbard, thetans have lived countless past lives and carry with them the memories and experiences of those lives, which can influence their current existence. He believed that individuals have the power to overcome negative influences from past lives through “auditing,” a form of counseling that involves recalling and confronting traumatic or painful experiences.
Hubbard also developed a unique system of ethics and morality called the “tone scale.” This scale ranks human emotions and attitudes on a gradient from -40 (total despair) to +40 (total joy). Hubbard claimed that by understanding and controlling one’s position on the tone scale, individuals could achieve greater success and happiness in life.
Another key aspect of Hubbard’s teachings is the idea that the mind is composed of three distinct parts: the analytical mind, the reactive mind, and the somatic mind. The analytical mind is responsible for rational thinking and decision-making, while the reactive mind stores unconscious memories and emotions that can cause irrational behavior and negative thoughts. The somatic mind relates to the body and physical sensations.
Hubbard also believed in the existence of extraterrestrial beings known as “thetan aliens” who he claimed were responsible for creating the negative influences that can affect individuals in this life.
Critics of Hubbard and Scientology argue that his teachings promote pseudoscience and have been used to exploit vulnerable individuals for financial gain. Some former members have accused the organization of abusive practices and even likened it to a cult.
In conclusion, L. Ron Hubbard’s teachings and philosophies are complex and controversial, with supporters and critics on both sides. While his ideas about the spiritual nature of human beings and the power of auditing may have resonated with some, others have raised concerns about the potential harm caused by Scientology’s practices and beliefs.
L.Ron Hubbard: Scientology Founder
After completing high school, Hubbard attended George Washington University for two years before dropping out to pursue a career in writing. He published his first pulp fiction novel, “The Green God,” in 1934 and went on to write numerous other works in various genres, including science fiction, fantasy, and adventure.
In 1950, Hubbard published his most famous work, “Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health.” The book introduced the concept of the “reactive mind” and claimed that it could be cleared through a process called “auditing,” which involved a form of therapy that used an electronic device called an E-meter.
“Dianetics” quickly became popular and led to the establishment of the Church of Scientology in 1954. The church grew rapidly in the following decades, attracting a large number of followers who believed in its teachings and practices.
Criticism of L. Ron Hubbard and Scientology
L. Ron Hubbard claimed that his teachings could help people overcome various personal and spiritual problems. However, over the years, Scientology has faced numerous criticisms from both individuals and organizations.
One of the main criticisms of L. Ron Hubbard and Scientology is their lack of transparency. Critics argue that the organization has a secretive nature, with only select members being privy to certain information and practices. This opacity has led to concerns about the safety and well-being of members, as well as questions about the legality of some of the organization’s activities.
Another criticism of Scientology is its treatment of members who wish to leave the organization. Former members have reported harassment, intimidation, and even blackmail by Scientology officials when attempting to leave the group. These allegations have led to investigations by various government agencies in several countries.
Furthermore, critics have raised concerns about the financial practices of Scientology. Members are often required to pay large sums of money for courses and other programs offered by the organization. Some have accused Scientology of operating as a commercial enterprise rather than a legitimate religion, which has resulted in legal challenges and investigations.
Moreover, there have been accusations of abuse within the organization. Former members have alleged physical, emotional, and sexual abuse at the hands of Scientology officials. These claims have been corroborated by multiple witnesses and have prompted further scrutiny of the organization.
In conclusion, the criticisms of L. Ron Hubbard and Scientology are varied and complex. The allegations range from lack of transparency and financial impropriety to harassment and abuse of members. While the organization maintains its innocence and continues to operate, the controversy surrounding it shows no signs of abating.
List of Books by L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard was a prolific American author, best known for founding the Church of Scientology. However, he also wrote extensively in various genres, including science fiction, fantasy, and adventure. Here are some notable books written by L. Ron Hubbard:
- “Battlefield Earth“: This epic science-fiction novel is one of Hubbard’s most popular works. It tells the story of an alien race that conquers Earth and enslaves humanity, and the rebellion led by a human named Jonnie Goodboy Tyler.
- “Dianetics“: The Modern Science of Mental Health”: This book, which is considered the cornerstone of Scientology, explores the human mind, its potential, and how to achieve mental clarity and spiritual enlightenment.
- “The Way to Happiness“: This non-fiction work provides a moral code based on common sense principles, such as honesty, kindness, and respect for others. It aims to help individuals lead happier and more fulfilling lives.
- “Mission Earth series“: This 10-volume science-fiction series follows the adventures of a secret agent from another planet who comes to Earth to infiltrate and undermine human society.
- “Fear“: This suspenseful novel explores the dark side of humanity and the psychological effects of fear. It follows a group of people trapped on a yacht with a mysterious stranger who seems to be manipulating them.
- “Final Blackout“: This dystopian novel portrays a world torn apart by war and follows the struggles of a soldier who becomes disillusioned with his leaders and fights to bring about change.
- “To the Stars“: This science-fiction novel follows the journey of a young man who dreams of traveling to space and becoming an explorer. It explores themes of ambition, perseverance, and the pursuit of knowledge.
- “The Invaders Plan“: This science-fiction novel is the first in a series called “Mission Earth” and features an intergalactic spy sent to infiltrate and sabotage human society.
The legacy of L. Ron Hubbard after his death
After his death, L. Ron Hubbard left behind a significant legacy. The Church of Scientology continues to operate, and his work remains influential. However, some have criticized his legacy, citing controversies surrounding the religion and allegations of misconduct.